At The Constitutional Convention Of 1787 The Great Compromise Resolve A Disagreement Concerning

In May 1787 a meeting of delegates from all states except Rhodes Island was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At that meeting, it was decided that the best solution to the problems of the young country was to set aside the statutes of the Confederation and draft a new Constitution. George Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention. Almost all delegates were able to agree on the need for a president who serves as the central figure and executive of the new nation. There have been differences of opinion on the power and service of such a function. Some delegates who feared the advent of a king-style president voted in favour of a weak civil servant, who would be limited to a single one-year term. Others argued that a powerful personality should be chosen, but that it would serve for life. Debates have also raged over how best to elect the president and the role that the people of the nation should play in their selection. When the Connecticut compromise was voted on on July 16, the Senate resembled the Congress of Confederations. In previous weeks of the debate, James Madison of Virginia, Rufus King of New York and Governor Morris of Pennsylvania strongly opposed the compromise for this reason.

[7] For the nationalists, the vote of the Convention in favour of compromise was a crushing defeat. But on July 23, they found a way to save their vision of an independent elite senate. Just before most of the Convention`s work was referred to the Committee for details, Governor Morris and Rufus King gave the opportunity to individually elect members of the Senate States instead of voting in bulk, as they had done in the Congress of Confederations. Then Oliver Ellsworth, a prominent proponent of the Connecticut compromise, supported his proposal and the Convention reached a lasting compromise. [8] Since the Convention early on approved the Virginia Plan`s proposal that senators have long terms, the restoration of the vision of this plan of individually powerful senators has prevented the Senate from becoming a strong protection of federalism. State governments have lost their direct control over congressional decisions to legislate at the national level. Since personally influential senators have been given much longer terms than the state legislators who elected them, they have become essentially independent. The compromise continued to serve the own interests of the political leaders of the small states, who were guaranteed access to more Senate seats than they would otherwise have been able to obtain.

[9] Small States have in the Senate.At The convention period has more disproportionate power, the population of states has varied, but not as much as today.