It will also allow the parties to gradually increase their contribution to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. States Parties are subject to certain legally binding rules, such as. B the obligation for industrialized countries to provide financial assistance to developing countries in implementing the Agreement. The contributions were published on the website of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) after taking office. On November 22, 2015, a week before the conference, 170 countries, which generated more than 90% of emissions, had already published their national contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Each contribution had to contain quantifiable elements, the base year, the implementation schedule and methods for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions. The EU and its Member States are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement. The EU formally ratified the agreement on 5 October 2016, allowing it to enter into force on 4 November 2016. For the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries, which have escaped at least 55% of global emissions, had to deposit their instruments of ratification. In response to the climate challenge, the agreement recognises that states have common but different responsibilities, i.e. depending on national capacities and different situations. Governments today face the increasing economic costs of the effects of climate change and the environmental costs of carbon-rich development. There is much to be done at the national, urban, commercial and citizen levels.
But international cooperation is also essential and the ongoing negotiations of the United Nations Climate Change Framework (UNFCCC) for a new international agreement in Paris in December 2015 are essential for reflection. Last year, the Agreement on Climate Transformation 2015 (ACT 2015) consortium focused a lot on thinking about the essential elements of the Paris Agreement. The consortium, made up of representatives of experts from important geographical regions, was formed to involve a wider group of stakeholders from around the world in the country, inform thinking and bring ideas to the formal negotiations. The efforts have engaged in dialogue with hundreds of people on five continents, as well as research and analysis of key elements of the agreement5. This paper provides the consortium`s insights on how the international agreement can play the world`s most effective and transformative role in the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy as quickly and fairly as possible. The ACT 2015 consortium, composed of representatives of experts from important geographical regions, was created in order to involve a wider group of stakeholders around the world, inform the reflection and introduce ideas into the formal negotiations. The efforts have involved dialogue with hundreds of people on five continents, as well as research and analysis of the essential elements of the agreement. COP 21 or the Paris climate conference resulted in a new international climate agreement, valid for all countries, to keep global warming below 2°C, in line with the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The 197 “negotiating parties” have committed to developing strategies for the long-term development of low greenhouse gas emissions.
This is the first time that a universal agreement has been reached in the fight against climate change. To contribute to the objectives of the agreement, countries presented broad national climate change plans (national contributions, NDCs). These are not yet sufficient to meet the temperature targets, but the agreement sets out the way forward. As host and president of COP21, France is committed to supporting a multilateral negotiation process and listening to all stakeholders to reach an agreement: the Paris Agreement is the first universal, legally binding global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. . .