Standstill Agreement In History

The state of Jammu and Kashmir, bordering India and Pakistan, has decided to remain independent. She offered to sign status quo agreements with both gentlemen. Pakistan immediately agreed, but India called for further talks. The Kalat khanat, on the western outskirts of Pakistan, also decided to remain independent. It has signed a status quo agreement with Pakistan. On 15 August, the State of Junagadh implemented the accession instrument and the status quo agreement with Pakistan. It was adopted by Pakistan on 13 September. [5] Junagadh was the only state to declare membership in Pakistan until 15 August. [6] The concept of a status quo agreement refers to different forms of agreements that can be concluded by companies to delay measures that might otherwise take place. The new delegation obtained only trivial changes to the previous draft agreement. [12] It established that all subsequent agreements and administrative arrangements between the British Crown and Nizam would be maintained with the Indian government. These include defence, foreign affairs and communication (the three themes that are normally addressed in the accession instrument). The agents would be exchanged between Hyderabad and India.

The Indian government has agreed to relinquish the functions of the supreme government. The status quo agreement is expected to remain in effect for a one-year period. [13] The agreement was signed by Nizam on November 29, 1947. [14] Soon, endienam fell under pressure from Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (Ittehad), the Muslim nationalist party active in the state, and withdrew from the agreement. [8] On the morning of 27 October, Qasim Rizvi, the leader of Ittehad, organized a massive demonstration by several thousand activists to block the delegation`s withdrawal. He convinced Nizam that, as India was then linked to the defence of Kashmir, it did not exceed sufficient resources to put pressure on Hyderabad. He claimed that a Hyderabad princess could get a much more favorable deal. [9] Nizam then appointed a new delegation, dominated by members of the Executive Council opposed to the previous agreement. [10] Former Hyderabad bureaucrat Mohammed Hyder called the event the “October coup.” From that moment on, Qasim Rizvi began calling the gunfire in the Hyderabad administration.

[11] In the 12 days following the signing of the status quo agreement with jammu and cashmere, Pakistan wrote a warning to The Maharaja on 24 August: “For Maharaja of Kashmir, it is time for him to make his choice and choose Pakistan. If Kashmir does not arrive in Pakistan, the greatest difficulties will inevitably arise.┬áThe draft status quo agreement was drawn up on 3 June 1947 by the political department of the British-Indian government.