A new addition to the USMCA is the inclusion of Chapter 33, which covers macroeconomic policies and exchange rate issues. This is considered important because it could set a precedent for future trade agreements.  Chapter 33 sets out requirements for currency and macroeconomic transparency that, in the event of a breach, would be grounds for litigation under Chapter 20.  The United States, Canada and Mexico currently meet all of these transparency requirements in addition to substantive policy requirements that comply with the international Monetary Fund`s articles.  On December 10, 2019, the three countries reached a revised USMCA agreement. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Transposition Act in the House of Commons and passed the first reading without a registered vote. On February 6, the bill passed second reading in the House of Commons by 275 votes to 28, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties voting in its favour, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.    On 27 February 2020, the committee voted to send the bill to Parliament for third reading, without amendments. U.S. Department of Commerce (www.trade.gov/export-solutions) The agreed text of the agreement was signed by the leaders of the three countries on November 30, 2018 as a secondary event at the 2018 G20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina.  The English, Spanish and French versions will also be binding and the agreement will take effect after ratification by the three states through the adoption of enabling laws.  Canada and the United States have also agreed on strict rules to ensure fair and transparent management of tariff quotas to ensure that distributors can use them fully. Following the signing of the auto pact, the Canadian government considered proposing free trade agreements in other sectors of the economy.
However, the U.S. government was less sensitive to this idea and wanted to remove some of the guarantees from the pact. Canada`s attention has focused on the issue of a broader free trade agreement between the two countries.  It was also the first Canadian election where a lot of negative publicity was used; Anti-free trade advertising showed that negotiators were “moving away” from the free trade agreement, which turned out to be the Canada-U.S. border at the end of advertising. Although some opinion polls showed that there were slightly more Canadians against the deal than for him, the Mulroney Progressive Conservatives took advantage of being the only party in favour of the deal, while the Liberals and the NDP divided the vote on free trade.